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Section I: Use of English

作者: 未署名
   
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Directions:
Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D.(10 points)
1 - 1, 共 1 个条目
1
Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laugher as " a bodliy exercise precious to health. " But among\\\except\\\--*despite\\\like some claims to the contrary, laughing probably has little influence on physical fitness. Laughter does reflect\\\demand\\\indicate\\\--*produce short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood vessels, stabilizing\\\--*boosting\\\impairing\\\determining heart rate and oxygen consumption. But because hard laughter is difficult to transmit\\\--*sustain\\\evaluate\\\observe, a good laugh is unlikely to have --*measurable\\\manageable\\\affordable\\\renewable benefits the way, say, walking or jogging does.
In turn\\\--*In fact\\\In addition\\\In brief, instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does, laughter apparently accomplishes the --*opposite\\\impossible\\\average\\\expected. Studies dating back to the 1930s indicate that laughter hardens\\\weakens\\\tightens\\\--*relaxes muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies down.
Such bodily reaction might conceivably help aggravate\\\generate\\\--*moderate\\\enhance the effects of psychological stress. Anyway, the act of laughing probably does produce other types of --*physical\\\mental\\\subconscious\\\internal feedback that improve an individual's emotional state. Except for\\\--*According to\\\Due to\\\As for one classical theory of emotion, our feelings are partially rooted with\\\on\\\--*in\\\at physical reactions. It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry unless\\\until\\\if\\\--*because they are sad but that they become sad when the tears begin to flow.
Although sadness also exhausts\\\follows\\\--*precedes\\\suppresses tears, evidence suggests that emotions can flow into\\\--*from\\\towards\\\beyond muscular responses. In an experiment published in 1988, social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of Wurzburg in Germany asked volunteers to fetch\\\bite\\\pick\\\--*hold a pen either with their teeth—thereby creating an artificial smile—or with their lips, which would produce a(n) --*disappointed\\\excited\\\joyful\\\indifferent expression. Those forced to exercise their smiling muscles adapted\\\catered\\\turned\\\--*reacted more enthusiastically to funny cartoons than did those whose mouths were contracted in a frown, --*suggesting\\\requiring\\\mentioning\\\supposing that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other way around. Eventually\\\Consequently\\\--*Similarly\\\Conversely, the physical act of laughter could improve mood.
 


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课本信息
作者: 未署名
发布者: yibei
 
创建时间: 2011-07-25
更新时间: 2012-08-16
版本:
1
 
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用户评分:
 
课本条目: 1个
 
发布状态: 已发布
访问权限: 未知
 
书集: 2011年全国硕士研究生入学考试——英语试题
知识库: 试题库, 英语单词